Institute of Special Technologies

Russian Academy of Sciences

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BULLETPROOF VESTS IST

Mission

To deliver safety performance and retain combat readiness of federal police servicemen and special forces from stab, gunshot and shrapnel injury in line with counter‐terrorism.

History

  • IST RAN has supplied over 70.000 vests to various units of law enforcement agencies in Russia (Ministry of Interior, Federal Security Service, National Guard) throughout the past 15 years
  • Since 2012, a fundamentally new generation of body armor has been developed by in‐house ballistic experts and scientists, specializing in composite materials
  • The new generation product line “IST” offers unrivaled safety performance that allows servicemen to retain full combat readiness even after being stricken by gunshot and shrapnel.

Unique product features

  • Large area of level IIIaprotection
  • Lightweight structure allows for functional NIJ IV armour
  • Very low back‐face signature according to NIJ testing

Certification

  • IST RAN bulletproof vests are certified by the national certification system in all classes of protection according to GOST 34286‐2017 and tested in accordance with NIJ Ballistic Resistance 0101.06 and NIJ Stab Resistance 0115.00.
  • In addition to national certification, tests imitating real‐life shrapnel and blunt force trauma were carried out.
  • All testing accounted for following quality indicators:
  • Protection against bullet and knife penetration;
  • Protection from the real pieces of field ordnance (shrapnel);
  • Protection from blunt force trauma;
  • 5 year product warranty;
  • Ergonomic performance.

Back-face signature

Virtually all ballistic vests standards regulate the following key parameters:

1.Non‐penetrationof the projectile, i.e. ballistic resistance

2.Back‐face signature (BFS) generated by the projectile, measured in mm, which determines the severity of the injury after blunt‐force trauma, affecting combat capability and the need for hospital admittance of the victim.

All standards have zero‐tolerance for penetration from several shots, as it is the main protection parameter.

The back‐face signature however, is treated differently: the most widely accepted standard for ballistic protection is the U.S. NIJ, which allows for a 44mm BFS, yet German technical regulations allow for 18‐22mm.

Fig.1: BFS in competitor vests vs. IST vest

Official ballistic BFS limits

IST ballistic test results

NIJ IIIa
9 mm FMJ
0,44 Magnum
NIJ III
7,62×39 AP
7,62×51 FMJ NATO M80 BALL
NIJ IV
.30 M2 AP
7,62x54mm AP
Armour typeSAP SAP+HAP SAP+HAP
Weight of ballistic
package, kg
2,2 7,0
Protection area (size L),
dm2
42 – soft
42 – soft
15 – hard, front+back
42 – soft
15 – hard, front+back
Back‐face signature, mm<800
CommentsResistant to fragments of
grenade, mines and
projectiles.

Note: in‐depth research on BFS and related trauma was conducted using results from animal carcasses
SAP – Soft Armour Protection
HAP – Hard Armour Protection

Extended ballistic test results

  • IST vests are designed with real‐life duty conditions in mind which means resistance to actual shrapnel,
  • low weight and protection from blunt‐force trauma.
  • Official standards offer only shrapnel tests with ball‐style fragments weighing 1,05g 6,35mm in
  • diameter, which are not representative of the real scenarios
  • IST RAN conducted voluntary tests in the field to simulate striking by elements of size 10‐15mm from
  • anti‐personnel mines PM‐4, hand grenades PGN, RGO, under‐barrel grenades VOG‐17, VOG‐25, mortar
  • fire with high‐explosive fragmenting ammo of caliber 82‐120mm and artillery ammo of caliber 76,2‐
  • 122mm
  • Excellent result were achieved – non‐penetration of the vest

Product line

NIJ level IIIa‐ SAP

Covert SAP vest Overt SAP vest

Complete level IIIa protection with:
• Thoracic section;
• Dorsal section with extensions;
• Side sections;
• Size adjustment with Velcro fasteners
• Possibility of belt insert
Protection area: SAP 42 dm² (size L)
Weight of ballistic package: 2.2 kg

NIJ level III — SAP + HAP

SAP vest | HAP insert

Combined level III protection with:
• Thoracic section;
• Dorsal section with extensions;
• Side sections;
• Two ceramic plates, front and back
• Anti‐traumatic dampening layer
• Size adjustment with velcro fasteners
• Possibility of belt insert
Protection area: SAP 42 dm² (size L) + HAP 15 dm²
Weight of ballistic package: 6.2 kg

NIJ level IV — SAP + HAP

Overt SAP vest | HAP insert

Combined level IV protection with:
• Thoracic section;
• Dorsal section with extensions;
• Side sections;
• Two ceramic plates, front and back
• Anti‐traumatic dampening layer
• Size adjustment with velcro fasteners
• Possibility of belt insert
Protection area: SAP 42 dm² (size L) + HAP 15 dm²
Weight of ballistic package: 7.0 kg

Note:
• All sales are made in accordance with regulations of Russian Federation, including export laws
• Ballistic carrier to be made according to specific client requirements (mole
system/pockets/velcro) with weights starting from 1kg.

Product Variants

https://i.gyazo.com/3f899d10fcf622491b84eb03eb1cbe97.png

Several variants exist:

  1. Outer wear
  2. Covert wear
  3. Extended protection
  4. SAP only or SAP+HAP
  5. HAP Helmets
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